Do’s and Don’ts



  • Eat a balanced diet including fresh fruit and vegetables
  • In particular eat leafy green vegetables.
  • Use good quality sunglasses, look out for 99% to 100% of both UV/A and UV/B Radiations, to protect your eyes from sunlight.
  • Get your eyes tested at least every two years  and more frequently if necessary.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Speak to your Doctor for information about vitamin supplements.
  • Use the correct eye protection when doing DIY.
  • Follow the appropriate guide lines when using VDU screens.
  • Attend your annual diabetic eye screening appointment.
  • Speak to your diabetic eye clinic if you notice changes to your vision.
  • Keep control of sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol to reduce the risk of diabetes-related sight loss.
  • Attend your diabetic clinic or GP surgery for regular diabetes health checks, including blood pressure and cholesterol monitoring.
  • Know your family eye health history.
  • Clean your hands and contact lenses properly to avoid risk of infection.

Most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be managed by laser treatment if it is done early enough.

Regular eye checks and the right treatment may reduce sight loss related to Glaucoma.


  • Wait until your vision has deteriorated to have an eye test.
  • Be afraid to ask questions or express fears about your treatment.
  • Smoke, smoking increases your risk of sight loss. Your GP can tell you about NHS stop smoking services in your area.